Is The Watchtower a means
or channel employed by God to transmit information to his people?... he could
and would transmit information to his people... No man can properly interpret
prophecy, and the Lord sends his angels to transmit correct information to his
The Watchtower, Feb. 15, 1936
Since the late 1940s the Watchtower Society has
taught that only the Holy Spirit can bring about the proper understanding of
Scripture. For example they have said:
Since the Bible was written under God's spirit,
only his spirit can bring about understanding... 
Until 1930 Rutherford also taught that the remnant
were enlightened by the Holy Spirit in understanding the Scriptures. In the
1929 Yearbook he said:
It has been since the Lord came to his temple
that God by his spirit has revealed to the church many of the deep things that
the members thereof could not understand prior to that time. 
However, in 1930 Rutherford began to teach that in
1918, when Jesus came to the "temple", the "holy spirit" was taken away from the
remnant and was no longer their Teacher, Comforter or Advocate:
By his spirit, the holy spirit, Jehovah God
guides or leads his people up to a certain time, and thus he did until the
time when "the comforter" was taken away ... in 1918. 
...1918... in that year the Lord Jesus came to
the temple of Jehovah God. The holy spirit that had been the guide of God's
people, having performed its functions, was taken away... 
When Jesus was on earth he had no advocate,
because God dealt directly with him.... It would seem that there would be no
necessity for the "servant" to have an advocate such as the holy spirit,
because the "servant" is in direct communication with Jehovah... 
Rutherford taught that since the remnant were in
direct communication with Jehovah, it was Jehovah and Jesus Christ who were
teaching the remnant, not the Holy Spirit:
In times past the holy spirit was the comforter
and helper of God's people, and those brethren supposed to have the spirit of
the Lord acted as teachers of the consecrated; but now, since the coming of
Christ Jesus to the temple, Jehovah God and his great prophet, Christ Jesus,
are the teachers... the faithful ones receive knowledge and understanding from
the Word of God revealed to them through the Head of the temple organization.
Starting in 1918, angels were used to help teach
the remnant the Truth. These, to a large extent, replaced the Holy Spirit as the
medium or channel through which Jehovah and Christ taught the remnant:
After the holy spirit as an advocate or paraclete
ceased to function in behalf of the consecrated, then the angels are employed
in behalf of those who are being made ready for the kingdom. 
Instead of the servant's being moved into action
by the operation of the holy spirit as a helper, the Scriptures seem to teach
clearly that the Lord directs his angels what to do and that they act under
the supervision of the Lord in directing the remnant on earth concerning the
course of action to take. 
Since 1918 the angels of the Lord have had to do
with showing the Ezekiel class the truth... 
Being under the direction of angels meant the
remnant received information and organization instructions from angels. In
Certain duties and kingdom interests have been
committed by the Lord to his angels, which include the transmission of
information to God's anointed people on the earth for their aid and comfort.
Even though we cannot understand how the angels transmit this information, we
know that they do it. 
These angels are invisible to human eyes and are
there to carry out the orders of the Lord. No doubt they first hear the
instruction which the Lord issues to his remnant and then these invisible
messengers pass such instruction on to the remnant. 
... angels are delegated by the Lord to convey
his instructions to the members of his organization on earth. Just how this is
done is not necessary for us to understand. 
The information from angels that was given to
Rutherford and the rest of the remnant included the interpretation of Scripture
that was printed in Watchtower literature:
This question is propounded for the benefit of
those faithful ones of the remnant now on earth, and the angel of the Lord
brings to them the needed information in answer to their questions. (Rev. 1:1)
This is proof that the interpretation of prophecy does not proceed from man,
but that the Lord Jesus, the chief one in Jehovah's organization, sends the
necessary information to his people by and through his holy angels. 
Jehovah's anointed, pictured by Zechariah,
inquire: "WHAT ARE THESE [THINGS] MY LORD?" showing that they seek the divine
interpretation of God's Word and do not seek the conclusion of men... the
angels of the Lord at the temple are used to enlighten and comfort the
anointed ones and to bring them refreshing truths. Those of the remnant, being
honest and true, must say, We do not know; and the Lord enlightens them,
sending his angels for that very purpose.
In Vindication I Rutherford said about
"cherubim, seraphim and angels" that:
These invisible ones the Lord uses to put in the
hands of his "faithful servant" class, that is, the man clothed with linen,
the fiery message from his Word, or judgments written, and which is to be used
as directed. The resolutions adopted by conventions of God's anointed people,
booklets, magazines, and books published by them, contain the message of God's
truth and are from the Lord Jehovah, and provided by him through Christ Jesus
and his underofficers... The interpretation of prophecy, therefore, is not
from man but is from Jehovah... 
I think it should be clear now why Rutherford said
that what he wrote was not his opinion or interpretation of Scripture, but was
the divine interpretation. Most JWs or ex-JWs would, I believe, be surprised
that Rutherford made these claims for his literature. He claimed that the
"booklets, magazines and books" by the Society, most, if not all of which were
written by him, were from "the Almighty God, Jehovah, and provided by him
through Jesus Christ and his underofficers", the "cherubim, seraphim and
angels". Yet Rutherford claimed that this did not mean that this literature was
The Society in their recent history book,
Jehovah's Witnesses--Proclaimers of God's Kingdom said:
Those who make up the one true Christian
organization today do not have angelic revelations or divine inspiration. 
What they do not mention at all in this book
reviewing their history is that Rutherford did claim to receive angelic
revelations and thus a form of "divine inspiration". These angelic revelations
were published in the Society's literature, particularly The Watchtower
Without a doubt the Lord uses his angels to cause
the truth to be published in The Watchtower... Certainly God guides his
covenant people by using the holy angels to convey his message to them. 
Angelic mind control
How did God by angels transmit the interpretations
of Scripture and prophecy to the remnant and specifically to Rutherford? He said
that he did not know exactly how the angels transmitted the information to him.
He said that he did not visually see these angels because they were "invisible
to human eyes".  Nor was the information given in an audible voice:
These angels doubtless perform in connection with
and toward the people of God many things that they cannot see with their
natural eyes or hear with their natural ears. 
Rutherford said that these angels transmitted
information inaudibly as thoughts into the remnant's minds. Rutherford said:
... the remnant are instructed by the angels of
the Lord. The remnant do not hear audible sounds, because such is not
necessary. Jehovah has provided his own good way to convey thoughts to the
minds of his anointed ones. 
Surely the holy angels of the Jehovah God, who
are under the command of Christ Jesus and accompany him at his temple as his
deputies, are clothed with power to put questions in the minds of those on
earth who are devoted to God. It is not necessary for us to know just how this
is done, but there can be no doubt about the power of the deputies of the
Rutherford believed that the Holy Spirit was the
force that, in the early church, God used to enlighten Christians. He believed
that the Holy Spirit was replaced by angels in 1918 and these took over
controlling the minds of the remnant:
... the Lord Jesus Christ, the Head of "the
servant", acting by and through his holy angels, has directed and is directing
that work. It was the holy spirit that operated upon the minds of men in the
early church to take certain action; but now the Lord Jesus himself has
returned, is in his temple, and, acting by and through his holy angels, puts
into the mind and heart of the remnant class to take positive action and to do
a certain work... 
God also revealed to Rutherford (through angels)
what was to happen or come to pass in the future:
The temple in heaven is open, and those who have
been so marvelously favored by being brought into the temple now receive a
vision of the prophecies that have come to pass. Jehovah graciously permits
those in the temple to see other things that shall shortly come to pass. 
God reveals to his people the information of
things that must shortly come to pass.... 
Rutherford believed that Jehovah God would not even
start the battle of Armageddon until He first sent angels to inform the remnant
that it was about to start, thus giving them the time to notify mankind of its
approach. He said:
No man can properly interpret prophecy, and the
Lord sends his angels to transmit correct information to his people,.... The
Greater Gideon [Jesus] does not begin the Armageddon battle until the message
of truth from Jehovah God concerning the same is transmitted by his angels to
the faithful remnant on the earth.
Good or evil spirits?
Was Rutherford receiving his interpretations of
Scriptures from angels or from demons? As the Society has more recently pointed
Yes, the Bible shows that there are not only good
angels but also wicked ones. 
If Rutherford was receiving information into his
mind from angels, which kind were they? Good or evil? Did God really send angels
to enlighten Rutherford with the "divine interpretation" of Scripture in answer
to his inquiries? If so, we should believe the doctrine and chronology he
received from these angels. We should certainly respect and read Rutherford's
books more than the Society today says we should!
33. The Watchtower, June 1, 1957, p. 328.
34. 1929 Yearbook of the International Bible
Students Association, Daily Texts and Comments, April 4.
35. Preservation, 1932, pp. 193, 194.
36. J.F. Rutherford, Salvation, 1939, pp.
37. The Watchtower, Sept. 1, 1930, p. 263,
∂23. See further, Preservation, pp. 202, 203, 257; The Watchtower, Oct. 1, 1932,
p. 294, ∂17, 18.
38. J.F. Rutherford, Jehovah, 1934, p. 311.
See further, The Watchtower, March 15, 1938, p. 89, ∂37: 1939 Yearbook
of Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and Comments, October 6.
39. Preservation, p. 51; The Watchtower,
June 1, 1931, p. 167, ∂35.
40. 1931 Yearbook of the International Bible
Students Association, Daily Texts and Comments, October 21; The
Watchtower, September 1, 1930, p. 263, ∂ 26.
41. Vindication III, 1932, p. 316. See
further, Light, book II, 1930, p. 20; Preservation, 1932, p. 152.
42. Preparation, 1933, pp. 36, 37; The Watchtower,
August 15, 1933, p. 243 ∂3; The Watchtower, March 1, 1938 p. 79, ∂4.
43. Vindication III, 1932, p. 250; The
Watchtower, September 15, 1938, p. 285 (Last paragraph).
44. The Watchtower, December 1, 1933, p.
45. Preparation, p. 28; The Watchtower,
August 1, 1933, p. 231, ∂23.
46. Preparation, pp. 66, 67; The
Watchtower, August 15, 1933, p. 248, ∂ 20; The Watchtower, September
15, 1938, p. 287.
47. Vindication I, 1931, p. 120; The
Watchtower, May 1, 1938 p. 143. [The 1938 Watchtower's printing of these
comments are slightly different from the original ones in Vindication I
48. Riches, p. 316.
49. Jehovah's Witnesses&endash; Proclaimers of
God's Kingdom, 1993, p. 708.
50. The Watchtower, February 1, 1935, p. 41.
51. Vindication III, 1932, p. 250; The
Watchtower, September 15, 1938, p. 285.
52. The Watchtower, August 1, 1936, p. 232,
∂30; 1937 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and Comments,
53. Preparation, p. 64; The Watchtower,
August 15, 1933, pp. 247, 248, ∂17; The Watchtower, Sept. 15, 1938, p.
54. The Watchtower, May 15, 1938, p. 157;
Light 1, pp. 61, 62. See also: The Watchtower, November 1, 1937, p.
326, ∂14; 1938 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and Comments,
February 15; 1935 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and
Comments, Nov. 22; The Watchtower, February 15, 1935, p. 54, ∂1.
55. The Watchtower, September 1, 1930, p.
263 ∂ 27; 1931 Yearbook of the International Bible Students Association,
Daily Texts and Comments, February 17.
56. Vindication 1, p. 340.
57. Light 1, p. 120; 1931 Yearbook of
Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and Comments, October 4. See further,
The Watch Tower, January 1, 1930, p. 7, ∂24; The Watch Tower, January
1, 1931, p. 5, ∂21.
58. The Watchtower, February 15, 1935, p.
52, ∂7, 8; 1935 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and
Comments, November 13. See further, The Watchtower, July 1, 1938, pp.
199, 200, ∂24, 25; 1939 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses, Daily Texts and
Comments, June 22; J.F. Rutherford, His Vengeance, 1934, p. 6.
59. Awake!, May 22, 1971, p. 28.